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Abies is the important genus of the Coniferales, commonly the plant has been termed as the FIRS. Some of the species of the FIRs has been termed as the silver FIRs Abies names has been proposed by the Nirgil (70-19 BC) for the wood of the plant , the name has been used for the scandivinian FIRs, silver FIRs usually found in the high mountainous area (500-2000 m. The moist humid conditions are required for the cultivation of the FIRs, the rainfall for the cultivation of the FIRs should be between the 800-2000 mm, it is distributed in whole of the northern part of the world , they are distributed in the central Europe, south and eastern Germany.
The plant is erect, pyramidical typical cone shaped, the plant has the very marvelous appearances, likes the typical ornaments. Leaves of the Abies are like the other Coniferales needles; in some of the species dimorphism can be observed. Abies spectabilis is an evergreen tree with a narrow, conical crown; it can grow up to 45 meters tall. The straight, cylindrical bole can be 200cm or more in diameter
The tree is harvested from the wild for mainly local use as a source of medicines and materials.
This species has a wide distribution from East Nepal into eastern Afghanistan and is usually the dominant tree in the stands, but may also occur with other conifers or broadleaf trees. The forest has suffered severe depletion, especially at the lower elevations, from logging and deforestation. A population decline of approximately 25% over the past three generation has occurred. The plant is classified as 'Near Threatened' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (2013).
|Botanical Name:||Abies spectabilis|
|Common name:||Himalayan Silver Fir, East Himalayan Fir, Talispatra|
|Appearance/Color:||A medium, clear, colorless to pale yellow liquid.|
|Odor:||A middle note of strong aroma, Fir Balsam Essential Oil has the crisp, clean scent of fir balsam needles.|
|Blends With:||Cedar wood, Pine, Benzoin, Lavender, Patchouli, Spruce and Rosemary|
|Origin:||Needles (leaves) and Twigs|
|Method of Extraction:||Steam Distillation|
|Key Constituents||Strength (%)|